LA CONSTITUCIÓN DE 1978, 39 AÑOS DESPUÉS. 

El día 6 de diciembre de 1978, hace 39 años, el pueblo español aprobó una Constitución que ha servido muy bien al país, y ha dado lugar al periodo políticamente más...
Adolfo Suárez-Constitución

El día 6 de diciembre de 1978, hace 39 años, el pueblo español aprobó una Constitución que ha servido muy bien al país, y ha dado lugar al periodo políticamente más estable y económicamente más próspero de su historia.

El gran hispanista John Elliott llama a los años 1975-2004 un “periodo dorado de la Historia de España” pero en su opinión, con la que coincido, “los últimos doce años han visto como caían sombras sobre lo que durante un cuarto de siglo había parecido un paisaje cada vez más soleado, sombras que incluyen la polarización política, la reaparición del dogmatismo, el inicio del peligroso populismo, y los localismos y nacional-independentistas de estrechas miras, contrapuesto con la creciente interdependencia de la comunidad global”.

REFORMA CONSTITUCIONAL. MECANISMOS.

El Título X -artículos 166 a 169- hace referencia a la posibilidad de reformar la Constitución, es decir, ella misma se autoregula y autolimita: según el artículo 166, la iniciativa de la reforma se ejercerá en los términos previstos en los apartados 1, 2 y 3 del artículo 87, que se concede al Gobierno, al Congreso y al Senado, a las Asambleas de las Comunidades Autónomas mediante proyectos de ley elevados al Gobierno o a la Mesa del Congreso, y también a la iniciativa popular presentando no menos de medio millón de firmas.

Los aspectos cuantitativos y cualitativos se recogen en el artículo 167:

El apartado 1 indica que los citados proyectos deberán ser aprobados por una mayoría de tres quintos, de cada una de las Cámaras, formando una Comisión paritaria si no hubiese acuerdo entre aquellas.
Y, si no obstante no se aprobara en la forma anterior, el 2 indica que, previo voto favorable de la mayoría absoluta del Senado, el Congreso debe ratificarla con una mayoría de dos tercios.
Y según el 3aprobada la reforma será sometida a Referéndum para su ratificación

El artículo 168 se redacta en términos similares al anterior, pero para casos tales como la revisión total o parciales de determinados Títulos.

REFORMA CONSTITUCIONAL. SUGERENCIAS.

 El proceso de reforma, aunque complejo es posible, si bien debe hacerse prudentemente y, sobre todo, concretada, razonada y lo más consensuada posible, debiendo plantearnos si la necesidad de reforma es verdaderamente sentida o se trata de un problema abstracto, qué es lo que se quiere reformar, y si estamos ante un debate libre y sin coacciones políticas, territoriales, terroristas, …

Todos los Presidentes de la democracia cedieron, alguno con reservas, sometidos al chantaje nacionalista, en la investidura o en la aprobación de los Presupuestos Generales. 

Se ha transferido mucho más de lo que la unidad de España permitía y no hay muestras de que se piense rectificar. Estamos en el camino hacia la secesión y, o se reforma la Constitución y se cierran las transferencias, o el horizonte permanecerá oscuro.

 Parece necesaria la reforma del Título VIII sobre la Organización Territorial del Estado y sus transferencias, acompañada de modificaciones precisas de la Ley electoral, más representativa, de listas abiertas (o mixtas cerradas-uninominales) y al menos no bloqueadas, elección a veces en 2ª vuelta y/o mayoritaria como por ejemplo en los Municipios.

 Dificultar que los nacionalismos tengan acceso a las Cámaras nacionales, como en los Parlamentos de nuestro entorno, para que grupos muy minoritarios, insolidarios e independentistas puedan decidir el devenir de la nación.

 Acabar con la ley semisálica de acceso a la Corona, por orden de nacimiento y no por sexo.

 Reformar las Administraciones públicas para evitar duplicidades y, en particular, eliminar las innecesarias Diputaciones Provinciales, como ocurre en las Comunidades uniprovinciales. Reformar el Senado para constituir una verdadera Cámara de representación territorial de las CCAA, prevaleciendo los principios de unidad, igualdad y solidaridad y, si no, su eliminación.

 Que el término y sentido de “Nación” no sea discutido ni discutible,…

 El Consejo de Estado, con gran autoridad y conocimiento, recomienda diferentes reformas, pero es imprescindible el acuerdo y consenso de los dos partidos mayoritarios -PP y PSOE – como en los tiempos de la Transición, a los que seguro se irían sumando otros como C’s, …

UNIÓN EUROPEA Y GLOBALIZACIÓN.

Es obligado aludir al papel del Estado, de sus Comunidades Autónomas y aún de las Entidades Locales, en el proceso de construcción europeo.

Hoy día en Europa no se puede olvidar que la nueva realidad transnacional europea ha generado un nuevo centralismo: un funcionamiento institucional de la Unión Europea (UE) que, en el futuro y más aún dotada de su “Constitución”, podrá modificar muchos de los actuales planteamientos.

La actual situación demuestra la urgente necesidad de una Unión Económica (presupuestaria, fiscal…) y no sólo monetaria, y también Social, debiendo llegar a la Unión Política con planteamientos Federalistas, llegando a conformar los Estados Unidos de Europa.

CONCLUSIONES.

La Constitución de la Concordia, de 1978 representa el origen y el desarrollo democrático español en todos sus aspectos: político, social, económico, cultural y autonómico, y su larga vigencia y convivencia lo refrenda, forjando un Estado democrático, libre, nuevo, moderno, progresista y europeo.

Parecen convenientes ciertas reformas, algunas ya indicadas, pero de manera prudente, concretada y consensuada por los dos partidos mayoritarios, y quienes se sumen a ello.

Todos, y en particular los más jóvenes, debemos velar por la defensa de la Constitución y sus libertades, erradicando para siempre los muchos períodos indeseables de nuestra historia.

Tal vez los jóvenes no tengan un gran conocimiento de la Constitución, pero si conservan un profundo respeto y sentimiento hacia ella, y los valores democráticos que preserva.

 

Secciones
EspañaPolítica

Nacido en Minglanilla(Cuenca).Ingeniero Superior de Minas(Madrid) y Economista(Oviedo). Alférez de Complemento(Ingenieros Zapadores). Ejecutivo en empresa minera; su representante en la Unión Europea(UE). Ex-Secretario General de Unión de Centro Democrático(UCD) en Asturias, y miembro de su Consejo Político Nacional. Ex-Consejero de Economía y Hacienda del Gobierno del Principado de Asturias; en posesión de la Medalla de su Junta General-Parlamento Regional.
30 comentarios en este artículo
  • yeezy boost 350 v2
    1 enero 2019 at 9:21 pm

    My wife and i were absolutely more than happy when Jordan could finish up his studies with the precious recommendations he had while using the site. It is now and again perplexing to just possibly be freely giving helpful tips that many people might have been trying to sell. We take into account we have the blog owner to be grateful to for that. The most important explanations you’ve made, the straightforward blog menu, the friendships you can help to instill – it’s got all excellent, and it’s helping our son in addition to our family recognize that this matter is enjoyable, and that’s extremely pressing. Thanks for everything!

  • balenciaga
    2 enero 2019 at 1:50 pm

    I just wanted to construct a quick message to say thanks to you for all the unique recommendations you are giving out on this website. My incredibly long internet research has at the end of the day been honored with good quality facts to write about with my co-workers. I would tell you that we readers actually are definitely blessed to live in a fantastic community with so many special individuals with beneficial pointers. I feel quite happy to have come across your entire website page and look forward to plenty of more exciting minutes reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

  • yeezy boost
    3 enero 2019 at 5:39 am

    My spouse and i have been now lucky Albert could complete his studies using the precious recommendations he came across out of the blog. It is now and again perplexing to simply continually be freely giving tips which the rest have been making money from. And now we discover we now have the website owner to give thanks to because of that. All of the explanations you made, the simple website navigation, the relationships your site make it easier to create – it is many remarkable, and it’s really making our son in addition to the family do think that concept is satisfying, which is highly indispensable. Thanks for all!

  • jordan 11
    3 enero 2019 at 11:43 pm

    I intended to draft you this bit of note in order to say thanks a lot over again over the exceptional principles you have documented in this case. This is pretty generous of you in giving easily exactly what some people could have made available for an electronic book to generate some profit on their own, and in particular since you could have tried it in the event you considered necessary. Those solutions in addition acted like the great way to know that some people have similar keenness just as my personal own to find out a lot more with regards to this condition. I believe there are millions of more enjoyable instances up front for individuals who scan through your blog.

  • adidas nmd r1
    4 enero 2019 at 7:31 pm

    I truly wanted to post a note so as to thank you for all of the precious tricks you are giving out on this site. My time intensive internet investigation has at the end of the day been recognized with professional know-how to share with my family. I ‘d declare that many of us site visitors are unequivocally blessed to exist in a decent place with many marvellous people with interesting ideas. I feel rather blessed to have used the web site and look forward to tons of more brilliant moments reading here. Thank you once again for everything.

  • michael kors handbags
    4 enero 2019 at 8:14 pm

    I wanted to post a quick message to be able to appreciate you for those amazing recommendations you are giving out on this website. My extended internet investigation has now been recognized with good knowledge to talk about with my great friends. I ‘d point out that most of us visitors are truly blessed to be in a notable community with so many wonderful people with useful basics. I feel very much grateful to have come across your webpage and look forward to so many more fun moments reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.

  • adidas gazelle sale
    5 enero 2019 at 1:55 pm

    Thanks for your entire hard work on this web site. My mum really loves setting aside time for internet research and it is simple to grasp why. A lot of people know all concerning the dynamic form you present important things via your web blog and as well as inspire contribution from the others on that area then our own simple princess has been starting to learn a lot of things. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the new year. You are always conducting a pretty cool job.

  • adidas stan smith women
    6 enero 2019 at 9:56 am

    I must express thanks to this writer just for rescuing me from this trouble. After exploring through the online world and meeting tips that were not productive, I was thinking my entire life was well over. Being alive without the presence of strategies to the issues you have fixed through the website is a serious case, and the kind that would have in a negative way damaged my entire career if I hadn’t encountered your blog post. Your own personal knowledge and kindness in dealing with all the things was important. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not discovered such a step like this. I can at this point look forward to my future. Thank you very much for the impressive and sensible help. I won’t be reluctant to recommend your blog post to any person who would like guidelines on this subject matter.

  • hermes handbags
    7 enero 2019 at 7:22 am

    I would like to voice my love for your kindness giving support to individuals that really need guidance on that area. Your special commitment to passing the message all around was definitely productive and has consistently enabled those just like me to get to their goals. This important report implies a whole lot to me and much more to my peers. Warm regards; from everyone of us.

  • moncler
    8 enero 2019 at 3:50 am

    I have to express some appreciation to this writer just for bailing me out of this situation. Just after looking out through the internet and obtaining methods which were not powerful, I believed my life was well over. Being alive without the presence of solutions to the problems you have sorted out by means of your good review is a crucial case, as well as the ones that might have in a wrong way affected my career if I had not encountered your blog. Your own understanding and kindness in touching a lot of things was very helpful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a point like this. I’m able to now look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time very much for your reliable and amazing help. I won’t think twice to propose the sites to any individual who needs to have guidelines about this situation.

  • golden goose sneakers
    9 enero 2019 at 7:27 pm

    I’m also writing to let you know what a awesome discovery our princess developed using the blog. She noticed such a lot of issues, which included what it is like to have an ideal giving character to have folks with ease learn a number of impossible issues. You undoubtedly exceeded my expected results. Thank you for presenting those insightful, safe, edifying not to mention easy guidance on that topic to Jane.

  • foamposites
    9 enero 2019 at 9:33 pm

    I must get across my respect for your generosity supporting those individuals that must have assistance with this important subject. Your very own dedication to passing the solution all-around became remarkably significant and have truly helped professionals just like me to arrive at their ambitions. The informative recommendations means a great deal a person like me and even more to my peers. Regards; from everyone of us.

  • hermes belt
    10 enero 2019 at 5:16 pm

    My wife and i got peaceful Edward could do his web research from your precious recommendations he discovered when using the web site. It is now and again perplexing to simply always be giving out steps that some others could have been making money from. And now we understand we now have the website owner to appreciate because of that. All of the explanations you’ve made, the straightforward blog menu, the relationships you will make it easier to promote – it’s all impressive, and it is facilitating our son in addition to our family feel that that situation is excellent, and that’s tremendously vital. Thanks for all the pieces!

  • yeezy boost 350 v2
    10 enero 2019 at 5:35 pm

    A lot of thanks for all your effort on this site. My mom really loves setting aside time for internet research and it’s really simple to grasp why. My partner and i hear all regarding the compelling way you create efficient guides via the web blog and therefore improve response from other people on this idea and our own princess has been learning so much. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the year. You have been conducting a powerful job.

  • chrome hearts online
    11 enero 2019 at 10:17 am

    I needed to post you one very little observation in order to thank you as before for your personal fantastic opinions you have shared at this time. It was remarkably open-handed of you to allow without restraint exactly what a number of people would’ve offered for sale for an electronic book to end up making some cash on their own, certainly now that you could possibly have tried it in case you desired. These smart ideas also served like the easy way to fully grasp the rest have the identical keenness really like my own to figure out way more with regard to this condition. I’m sure there are lots of more fun instances ahead for people who looked at your site.

  • jordan 11 retro
    12 enero 2019 at 3:47 am

    I in addition to my friends were checking the good hints on the blog while instantly developed a terrible feeling I had not thanked the web blog owner for those secrets. My young men happened to be consequently thrilled to read all of them and now have surely been tapping into those things. Thank you for truly being quite thoughtful and for pick out such fine resources millions of individuals are really wanting to be aware of. Our sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  • nike flyknit
    12 enero 2019 at 11:58 pm

    I not to mention my pals have been looking through the nice tips and tricks found on your web page and so at once I got an awful feeling I never expressed respect to the web site owner for those secrets. Those ladies are actually stimulated to see them and have clearly been loving those things. Thanks for actually being simply thoughtful and for making a decision on certain quality topics most people are really wanting to understand about. Our sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  • adidas ultra boost
    13 enero 2019 at 8:18 pm

    I needed to post you that very little note to help thank you again for those pleasant thoughts you have featured here. This has been really unbelievably open-handed of you in giving unreservedly all a number of people might have distributed as an e-book to help with making some money on their own, specifically considering the fact that you could have tried it in case you wanted. These things in addition acted to become good way to realize that some people have a similar passion much like my personal own to figure out way more with respect to this condition. I am certain there are a lot more enjoyable moments ahead for individuals that see your website.

  • Jeaannera
    10 febrero 2019 at 11:17 pm
  • nike hyperdunk
    11 febrero 2019 at 8:56 pm

    A lot of thanks for every one of your hard work on this web site. Kim really likes getting into investigations and it is simple to grasp why. All of us know all concerning the powerful form you offer both useful and interesting suggestions on the web site and even boost contribution from visitors on that article plus my child is always studying a great deal. Take pleasure in the rest of the new year. Your doing a really great job.

  • louboutin shoes
    12 febrero 2019 at 11:59 pm

    I am just writing to let you be aware of what a brilliant experience my cousin’s child developed going through yuor web blog. She came to find a lot of things, not to mention what it’s like to have an excellent giving heart to make certain people completely know selected complex things. You truly exceeded visitors’ expected results. Many thanks for providing such informative, trustworthy, informative as well as easy tips on this topic to Ethel.

  • moncler
    14 febrero 2019 at 4:46 am

    I enjoy you because of all your hard work on this web site. My daughter loves going through research and it’s really easy to see why. My spouse and i notice all of the compelling mode you produce very important ideas on your web blog and as well as recommend participation from other ones on the subject then our own daughter is always discovering a whole lot. Have fun with the remaining portion of the new year. Your carrying out a pretty cool job.

  • adidas ultra boost
    15 febrero 2019 at 4:11 am

    I would like to get across my respect for your generosity supporting those who need assistance with this important question. Your special dedication to passing the message across turned out to be definitely powerful and have in every case helped others just like me to realize their targets. Your amazing useful facts denotes so much to me and even further to my fellow workers. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  • nike air max
    15 febrero 2019 at 4:39 am

    I’m commenting to let you be aware of what a amazing experience my princess experienced checking your web site. She noticed numerous issues, with the inclusion of what it is like to possess an incredible coaching mindset to let other people without difficulty know precisely chosen hard to do matters. You undoubtedly exceeded our own expectations. Thanks for coming up with these warm and friendly, healthy, revealing and fun tips on your topic to Lizeth.

  • adidas tubular x
    15 febrero 2019 at 7:37 pm

    I have to point out my appreciation for your kindness for women who must have assistance with in this study. Your special dedication to getting the message around was certainly practical and has always empowered most people just like me to realize their dreams. This useful guide implies this much to me and far more to my office colleagues. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  • yeezy boost 350
    15 febrero 2019 at 9:59 pm

    Thanks a lot for providing individuals with a very wonderful chance to read articles and blog posts from this web site. It is usually so beneficial and as well , jam-packed with fun for me and my office colleagues to visit your web site particularly 3 times weekly to read the newest guidance you have. And lastly, I am always fascinated considering the astounding guidelines you give. Some two tips on this page are particularly the most efficient we have had.

  • adidas yeezy boost
    16 febrero 2019 at 8:38 pm

    I’m also commenting to let you understand what a fabulous encounter my child experienced going through your blog. She learned a good number of things, not to mention what it’s like to have a very effective helping nature to get the others without hassle know just exactly various grueling matters. You really did more than visitors’ expected results. Thank you for imparting such priceless, trustworthy, edifying and even easy tips about that topic to Lizeth.

  • michael kors factory outlet
    17 febrero 2019 at 9:51 pm

    I am commenting to let you understand what a terrific experience my princess encountered browsing your blog. She figured out too many things, including how it is like to possess a great teaching heart to let the rest with ease grasp some tricky issues. You really exceeded readers’ expected results. Thank you for displaying the warm and helpful, healthy, edifying and also cool guidance on that topic to Lizeth.

  • kyrie 3
    18 febrero 2019 at 10:59 pm

    I wish to convey my admiration for your generosity supporting folks that should have assistance with your topic. Your personal commitment to getting the solution throughout was exceedingly beneficial and have truly helped guys and women just like me to achieve their dreams. Your helpful advice means a great deal a person like me and substantially more to my fellow workers. Regards; from all of us.

  • air jordan 13
    19 febrero 2019 at 11:33 pm

    I and also my buddies were studying the excellent tactics found on your site and so all of a sudden got a terrible suspicion I had not thanked the web site owner for those techniques. All of the women came so thrilled to learn them and have now really been enjoying those things. I appreciate you for simply being simply considerate and then for using certain incredibly good subject areas millions of individuals are really wanting to discover. My personal sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  • Deja un comentario

    Otros: