LA IMPARABLE Y CRECIENTE HEGEMONIA DE LOS BRIC     Desde hace ya algún tiempo, venimos observando un cambio en el orden mundial actual, no es que pueda ser...



Desde hace ya algún tiempo, venimos observando un cambio en el orden mundial actual, no es que pueda ser una idea tan alocada pues el envejecimiento de los países desarrollados y las continuas crisis económicas del mundo occidental son realidades incuestionables. EEUU desde hace unos años ya, veniamos observamos como está siendo desplazado de su puesto de potencia numero uno y en su lugar se venía atisbando y presentando paulatinamente, un pais que no pone limites a su expansión, me refiero como ya habréis podido adivinar a China

Si nos pusiésemos a estudiar detenidamente, comprobaríamos que una de cada 6 personas en el mundo es china, por lo que no nos  debe de parecer algo difícil de creer que el denominado <<Gigante Asiático>> venga liderando desde hace ya algún tiempo los rankings de consumo producción y comercio.


Pero, además de a China, también nos encontramos a una serie de países que se posicionan como candidatos a disputar el liderazgo mundial en un futuro no relativamente  lejano. Me estoy refiriendo a Brasil, India , Rusia, México o Indonesia, pues ya están  posicionándose adelantados en el ranking de países más ricos por PIB nominal por delante de países como Holanda, Canadá ,Noruega Italia o España.


Nuevas economías las citadas que se están desarrollando al otro lado de los océanos y que paulatinamente van aterrizando en tierras de Occidente produciendo una no desdeñable  economías las citadas que vemos como se están desarrollando a pasos agigantados y que han llegado a través de una serie de acrónimos.


Estaría en lo cierto expresando  de que raro es el empresario que a día de hoy, no haya oído hablar de las siglas BRIC pero….¿que se esconde realmente bajo estas siglas? Pues bien, el acrónimo BRIC  apareció por primera vez en el año 2001 de la mano del Presidente de Goldman Sachs Asset  Managment  y hace referencia a Brasil, Rusia India y China  siglas estas que a la par significan ladrillo igualmente.                                                   


La idea era muy clara; Estos 4 países se presentan como los ladrillos de la economía mundial, países que van a liderar la economía, y de hecho, ya lo han hecho.


Uno de los datos que más evidencian la importancia de los BRIC en la economía mundial es que los 4 países se encuentran entre los 10 mayores acumuladores de reservas, representando más del 55% de las reservas de divisas mundiales entre ellos, a China como mayor aglutinadora.


Además, destacar merece la producción que estos 4 países tienen en tres actividades  manufacturas, servicios y agricultura. Si, a esto sumamos que si observamos el nivel de exportaciones de productos manufactureros que tan solo China supone y Brasil respecto a exportaciones  agrícolas, suponiendo este ultimo junto a Rusia los mayores surtidores de materiales y alimentos del mundo actual.


Asi pues los países BRIC  han ido consolidando sus alianzas comerciales, pues todos ellos poseen capacidad de crear interesantes flujos de intercambios comerciales y de inversión a pesar de que cierto es de que tan solo China es garantía de maximizar los números y resultados, pues como no nos es de extrañar, constituye no solo el motor de los BRIC sino el motor mundial de hoy en día.


Cierto es que a la par de mercado de emergentes creado, paralelo al liderazgo económico de la conocida << Triada Económica>>, varios países occidentales como por ejemplo Alemania, están aprovechando el fenómeno BRIC   para encontrar y aliarse con nuevos socios  e incrementando de esta manera considerablemente sus exportaciones


A pesar de que son varios autores los analistas, que dudan de que lo vaticinado por Goldman Sachs vaya a llegar a efectos, pues la acuciante y no desdeñable tendencia demográfica de Rusia, el sistema político Chino, los niveles de pobreza en la India o la tendente inestabilidad económica Brasileña, presentan un espectro lleno de obstáculos para poder llegar a alcanzar el alto grado de desarrollo y crecimiento vaticinado


Pero…..¿ están estos gurús financieros en lo cierto? Analícenlo ustedes¡¡



Ana Belen Hernandez Sanchez

Politóloga, Gestora Publica y Técnico de Marketing y Comercio Exterior


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